New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

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wengehuang
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New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby wengehuang » Tue Jun 06, 2017 7:12 am

By definition in modern psychology, hallucinations are perceptions that occur in the absence of external objective stimulation, namely, perceptions by internal false stimulation. According to this definition, perceptions can occur in two ways. One is that external objective stimulation affects perception through sensation, while the other is that internal false stimulation directly affects perception. For perception, the two ways lead to the same effects. But what happens when external and internal stimulations affect perception together in hallucinations?

We find in our research that a theoretical framework of hallucinations can be constructed by a further analysis of the changes in the relation of their relative strength on perception. At the same time, a scientific interpretation of the so-called supernatural phenomena will be made. But what need to be emphasized is that, in our discussion, the strength of hallucinations is applied not to one single stimulation (for example, strong visual shock), but to the completeness, consistence and vividness of the whole imaginary scene.


1. Internal false stimulation is far weaker than external objective stimulation.


When internal false stimulation is far weaker than external objective stimulation, one is actually in “elementary hallucinations” mentioned above. Firstly, he will detect some internal false stimulations which are not in accordance with the external objective scene. Then, since he can distinguish reality from illusions in this state, he is able to determine that the inconsistent stimulations are hallucinations.


2. Internal false stimulation is almost equal to external objective stimulation.


The mixture of the two kinds of stimulation causes two conflicting experiences in perception simultaneously, and furthermore, leads to paradoxical and deranged apperceiving. One is hesitant to determine which is real. This is quite fancy, but often happens in “deep hallucinations”. It is the first stage of “deep hallucinations”, and we call it “paradoxical hallucinations.” The shift from “elementary hallucinations” to “paradoxical hallucinations” happens when internal false stimulation becomes stronger to make clear scenes.

This paradoxical state can explain the generation mechanism of many supernatural phenomena. Let’s take out-of-body experiences as an example. When one is in such experiences, internal false stimulation makes him feel that he goes to another place, but his objective touching and seeing still operate to confirm him that he still stays in the original place. This sense of paradox and derangement is the fundamental reason for the feeling of being out of body. Let’s take another example: synesthesia. Seeing a sound and hearing a picture result from that the internal and external stimulations affect perception together so as to mismatch the two pairs of five senses. For example, when the external hearing is much stronger than its counterpart and the external vision is much weaker than its counterpart, one will naturally mismatch the objective hearing and the false vision, that’s, experiencing synesthesia.


3. Internal false stimulation is far stronger than external objective stimulation.


In this condition, there are many fancier effects. When internal false stimulation is far stronger than external objective stimulation, all kinds of complete, consistent and vivid imaginary scenes are formed. Being totally lost in fantasies means the temporal ignorance of the external objective world. This is the second stage of “deep hallucinations”, which we call “complete hallucinations”. Since vision takes account of 70% of the information one receives, external objective stimulation is greatly undermined when the eyes are closed. Therefore, the shift from “paradoxical hallucinations” into “complete hallucinations” happens mostly because internal false stimulation becomes relatively stronger when eyes are closed to weaken external stimulation.

At this moment, if some external objective stimulation becomes stronger, people in fantasies will detect that such stimulations are not in accordance with the internal imaginary scenes.

Since one is totally lost in fantasies, he regards all internal false stimulation as real and actually has no idea of what is real or false. Therefore, the inconsistent and “unexplainable” external objective stimulation will be wrongly treated as supernatural phenomena or ESP. This is opposite to the previous “elementary hallucinations”. The former is the stronger external against the weaker internal while the latter is the weaker external against the stronger internal. We can call it “the real is the false when the false is treated as real”. Obviously, it is a wonderful experience to watch the real world from another imaginary world.

If hallucinations are examined in light of the definition of ESP (Extra Sensual Perception), the former actually can be treated as the latter: perception in our daily life results from external objective stimulation through sensation, while hallucinations from the direct effects of internal false stimulation on perception instead of on sensation. People, however, regard it as hallucinations rather than ESP.

Therefore, ESP happens because there are two pathways to affect perception and the essence of ESP is that internal false stimulation is mistaken as external objective stimulation which happens through various senses and that external objective stimulation as perception which does not result from various senses.


4. Another extreme state of hallucinations


Dreams are not often treated as hallucinations. But according to the definition of hallucinations, that is, “perceptions that occur in the absence of external objective stimulation”, the paper holds that dreams, in nature, are a kind of hallucinations. Unlike common hallucinations whose cause is the reduction of self-awareness, the cause of the hallucinations in dreams is sensory deprivation. When sleeping, the sensations of the five senses shut down and the external stimulation to perception, which is far lower than that in the sensory deprivation experiment (especially the sense of touch), almost vanishes. Therefore, within a very short time, imaginary scenes can appear. It is because sensation shuts down in dreams that perception is affected only by internal false stimulation.


5. Conclusion


In common hallucinations, external objective stimulation and internal false stimulation affect perception together. The changes in the relation of their relative strength are three-fold: “elementary hallucinations”, “paradoxical hallucinations” and “complete hallucinations”. The last two belong to “deep hallucinations”.

The so-called supernatural phenomena usually appear in “deep hallucinations”. The above analysis proves that there are no supernatural phenomena at all in ASC, and they are simply illusions which happens along with hallucinations. But many people who claim to have experienced them, firmly hold that they are real. The reason lies in that waking from “deep hallucinations” is essentially different from waking from dreams. In dreams, sensation shuts down and all the stimulation perception receives is internal and false. Therefore, one can easily determine that he was dreaming (in hallucinations) after waking, even though he cannot distinguish reality from illusions during the dream. However, in “paradoxical hallucinations”, both internal and external stimulations affect perception and their strengths are similar. As a result, once waking up, one cannot clearly determine what parts are reality and what parts are hallucinations. In “complete hallucinations”, ESP “truly” happened, totally different from “dreaming out” ESP in dreams. Consequently, once waking up, one wrongly thinks that supernatural phenomena are real.

If you are interested in our research, you can read the paper at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm ... id=2959315
Last edited by wengehuang on Wed Jun 14, 2017 6:35 am, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby Nikki Nyx » Fri Jun 09, 2017 9:53 pm

This is fascinating. I used to suffer from hypnagogic hallucinations. Even though I'm a skeptic, they were quite frightening, but in an "OMG, something's wrong with my brain" way. I probably took much more time to examine and analyze them than a non-skeptic would. Some of the things I noted about my particular hypnagogic hallucinations:
  • The hallucinations occurred in conjunction with varying states of paralysis. Some were accompanied by total paralysis. With others, I could verbalize, but not move. During still others, I was able to move my eyes or my arms, but nothing else.
  • All hallucinations were visual, but only some included auditory elements. None included olfactory, tactile, or gustatory elements.
  • All hallucinations were in full color and were impeccably detailed, including texture, articulation, and movement.
  • All hallucinations consisted of one living being. Some were completely human, others were humanoid, still others were non-human.
  • The hallucinations occurred regardless of my body's positioning. I experienced them while sleeping on my back, both sides, and stomach.
  • When I was able to move my eyes, and opened them, the hallucination was gone. If I closed them again, it reappeared. Nothing else changed. Whether my eyes were opened or closed, I was always perceiving whatever part of my bedroom I was facing exactly it was in reality, either with or without the hallucination.
  • When I was able to move an arm, I always tried to touch what I was perceiving...and was never able to do so. It either moved away from me or faded away.
Unlike most people who experience hypnagogic hallucinations, I found the human ones to be the most frightening. Realistically, it's entirely possible for a human being to be in my bedroom, but I reject the idea there might be a 7-foot-tall insectile nightmare designed by H.R. Giger standing next to my bed, or a three-headed rabid dog crouched behind me on my pillow. ("Sit, Cerberus! Good dog.") Thankfully, they stopped after I had a sleep study and my sleep disorder was diagnosed and treated.

How would you categorize these hallucinations in light of my diagnosis, which was alpha wave intrusion into delta sleep? I should note that they occurred at different times throughout the night, not only when I was initially falling asleep.
What are the facts? Again and again and again-what are the facts? Shun wishful thinking, ignore divine revelation, forget what “the stars foretell,” avoid opinion, care not what the neighbors think, never mind the unguessable “verdict of history”--what are the facts, and to how many decimal places? You pilot always into an unknown future; facts are your single clue. Get the facts!
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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby gorgeous » Fri Jun 09, 2017 10:43 pm

there is no evidence for hallucinations...just theories...show me a hallucination..
Science Fundamentalism...is exactly what happens when there’s a significant, perceived ideological threat to one’s traditions and identity.

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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby Gord » Fri Jun 09, 2017 11:53 pm

"Knowledge grows through infinite timelessness" -- the random fictional Deepak Chopra quote site
"You are also taking my words out of context." -- Justin
"Nullius in verba" -- The Royal Society ["take nobody's word for it"]
#ANDAMOVIE

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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby Matthew Ellard » Sat Jun 10, 2017 12:35 am



Yes Gord. There is something wrong with this whole picture. Why is this posted on fringe lifestyle forums? Why doesn't it have citations? Even stranger, the paper's author has another paper also issued from Sichuan Sinoland Fortune Investment Group

"A New Interpretation of the Mechanism for the Determination of Interest Rate and Its Policy Implications"
Wenge Huang / Sichuan Sinoland Fortune Investment Group
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm ... id=2647825

This paper has a bibliography but no citations, which is unusual for a economics paper. Let me read the whole paper, find out more about Wenge Huang, and then think about what is going on. :D

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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby Gord » Sat Jun 10, 2017 1:46 am

Matthew Ellard wrote:Wenge Huang

Blert. :|

http://wengehuang.blogspot.ca/2017/05/n ... s-psi.html

New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

五月 05, 2017

Abstract: Our research is based on the empirical documents which give experiential descriptions of various altered states of consciousness (meditation, mind-altering drugs, hypnosis, physiological lesion and so on). Firstly, we summarizes four essential phenomena in ASC after an initial clarification. Then what follow are comprehensive analyses of these phenomena. By probing into the changes in the relation of their relative strength from a new dimension that external objective stimulations and internal false stimulations can affect perception together, the features of different states of hallucinations are revealed and a scientific interpretation of the supernatural phenomena is made: When internal stimulation is almost equal to external stimulation, the mixture of the two kinds of stimulation causes two conflicting experiences in perception simultaneously, and therefore leads to paradoxical and deranged apperceiving, resulting in out-of-body experiences and synesthesia; when internal stimulation is far stronger than external stimulation, ESP happens as a result of internal false stimulation being mistaken as external objective stimulation which enters through various senses and external objective stimulation being mistaken as perception which does not result from various senses. After that, a new filtering hypothesis is presented to explain the more sensitive awareness and its potential value is explored. On such basis, a unified analytical framework will be made based on the empirical documents, so as to reveal the essence of ASC: The reduction of self-awareness results in three mechanisms (the more sensitive awareness, hallucinations and jhāna samādhi) and the relation of them is figured out.

It seems to be saying supernatural things like OBE and ESP can be explained away as "internal false stimulations".



Edit: Many references given at the bottom of that one, though.
"Knowledge grows through infinite timelessness" -- the random fictional Deepak Chopra quote site
"You are also taking my words out of context." -- Justin
"Nullius in verba" -- The Royal Society ["take nobody's word for it"]
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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby Matthew Ellard » Sat Jun 10, 2017 2:01 am

Gord wrote:Wenge Huang....Blert. :|.

I'm getting a Wenge Huang "hits" for groups and websites bringing together Chinese and Western medicine. My gut says "old trout tries to lure small fish, by lining pond with gold words" so I'll keep digging in that direction.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1zQ6euUrD4

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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby Nikki Nyx » Sat Jun 10, 2017 2:10 am

gorgeous wrote:there is no evidence for hallucinations...just theories...show me a hallucination..

You'll have to work for it.
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What are the facts? Again and again and again-what are the facts? Shun wishful thinking, ignore divine revelation, forget what “the stars foretell,” avoid opinion, care not what the neighbors think, never mind the unguessable “verdict of history”--what are the facts, and to how many decimal places? You pilot always into an unknown future; facts are your single clue. Get the facts!
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wengehuang
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Re: New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC

Postby wengehuang » Tue Jun 13, 2017 8:08 am

Matthew Ellard wrote:


Yes Gord. There is something wrong with this whole picture. Why is this posted on fringe lifestyle forums? Why doesn't it have citations? Even stranger, the paper's author has another paper also issued from Sichuan Sinoland Fortune Investment Group

"A New Interpretation of the Mechanism for the Determination of Interest Rate and Its Policy Implications"
Wenge Huang / Sichuan Sinoland Fortune Investment Group
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm ... id=2647825

This paper has a bibliography but no citations, which is unusual for a economics paper. Let me read the whole paper, find out more about Wenge Huang, and then think about what is going on. :D



Not strange! I just do scientific research on the area I am interested. :D :D :D


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